THE EFFECT OF HARMFUL AND FAVORABLE GAS AND CHEMICAL CONTENT EMITTED BY MUD VOLCANO TO ENVIRONMENT

Muhammad Burhannudinnur, Rosmalia Dita Nugraheni, Astri Rinanti

Abstract


The recent eruption of Kesongo mud volcano (MV) that occurred in 28
August 2020 in Blora, Central Java was a common natural phenomenon.
MV eruption occurred periodically depending on the recharge fluid system
that interconnected to a geothermal system and hydrocarbon reservoir.
During the eruption, methane and CO2 gas were emitted to the
atmosphere together with rocks, muds and fluids flowing from the fracture
and fault system of MV. The extruded materials could be harmful and
beneficial for the affected ecosystem. Aims: This study aimed to address
the potential impact of the extruded mud volcano materials to the
environment. Methodology and Results: An attempt was carried out by
investigating gas and fluid content of every mud volcano morphology in the
selected 11 areas of Kradenan, Central Java and Sidoarjo, East Java. The
pristine fluids and gas of MV were sampled for chemical and toxic
compound observation. Gas composition and type was observed using gas
chromatography. The result shows that methane gas content ranges from
0.06 to 67.6 mol%., while the CO2 content ranges from 0.21 to 79.9 mol%.
Methane gas exhibits thermogenic gas that associated with hydrocarbon
generation. Conclusion, significance and impact study: The chemical
compound of fluids indicates high Boron (B) content above 0.5 ppm which
has harmful effect for crops and human health, but some compounds of
Ca, Na, K, Mg present as essential elements for soil nutrient. According to
the methane flux and chemical compound emitted by mud volcano, this
study contributes to a management practice to restore and conserve the
global ecosystem.


Keywords


Boron; Greenhouse gas; Methane; Mud volcano; Soil nutrient

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v4i1.8001

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