ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT (EHRA) APPROACHES IN THE STRATEGIC ENVIRONMENTAL RISK ASSESSMENT (SEA) : A METAANALYSIS

Anindrya Nastiti, Siska Widya D Kusumah, Mariana Marselina, Karina Nursyafira, Astrid Monica, Dharmawan Phan

Abstract


Aim: This paper aims to understand how the concept of risk and risk
governance can be best articulated and integrated into Indonesia’s SEA.
Attention regarding health risks emerging from human interactions with
the physical environment has increased in Sustainable Development and
Planning (SDP). Methodology and Results: Strategic Environment
Assessment (SEA) is the current context-based methodology addressing
environmental and health risks of development planning in many
countries. Environmental and health risk assessment (EHRA) is an
integrated part of the SEA. EHRA, as a field of science, has evolved towards
specific needs in many sectors, e.g. dose-response, quantitative microbial
risk assessment, ecological risk assessment. The main challenge is how to
determine the suitable EHRA approaches and translate the fact-based
EHRA into risk-informed strategies in SDP. In Indonesia, the SEA is
mandatory for regional planning documents. However, there is limited
guidelines and application on EHRA in SEA. Through a meta-analysis, we
reviewed scholarly articles published from 2009 to 2019 available in
Google Scholar that report the concepts and implementation of EHRA and
SEA in various countries. Conclusion, significance and study impact: This
study has significant implications for the understanding of risk governance
in SDP.


Keywords


Environmental and Health Risk Assessment (EHRA); Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA); Sustainable Development and Planning (SDP); Microbial Risk Assessment; Meta-analysis

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