REDUCTION OF AMMONIA EMISSIONS FROM THE COMPOSTING OF SLAUGHTERHOUSE SOLID WASTE USING ZEOLITE

Rhenny Ratnawati, Sugito Sugito

Abstract


The process of aerobic composting the slaughterhouse (SH) solid waste generate ammonia emissions. Aim: The objective of this research to study the ability of the adsorbent to use zeolite to reduce ammonia gas emissions during the composting process of SH solid waste. Methodology and Results: Reduction of ammonia emission is conducted during the aerobic composting process which is 50 days. The raw material composition of the composting process used was 100% rumen contents, 60% rumen contents: 40% straw, 50% rumen contents: 50% straw, and 40% rumen contents: 60% straw. Zeolite used in the form of granular size 100 mesh. The result of the research showed that the level of release of ammonia gas emissions during the composting process could be reduced by zeolite. Conclusion, significance, and impact study: The efficiency of reducing ammonia gas emissions using zeolite adsorbents in the composting process of SH solid waste ranges from 98.09 - 99.40% on average. Zeolite is an adsorbent that has high adsorption power because it has many pores and has a high ion exchange high capacity and serves as an absorbent cation that can cause environmental pollution.

Keywords


Ammonia emmisions; Composting; Slaughterhouse solid waste; Zeolite

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 0| PDF views : 0

References


Akinyeye, A.J, Solanke, E.O. A. 2012. Physicochemical Analysis of Abattior Effluent Contaminated Soil in Ikpoba, Benin, Edo State. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. 3: 1079-1084.

APHA, AWWA, WEF. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 20th Edition. Maryland: United Book Press, Inc. 2005.

Anderson, J.K. Boldrin, A. Christensen, T.H. Scheutz. 2010. Mass Balances and Life-Cycle Inventory for a Garden Waste Windrow Composting Plant. Waste Management. 1010-1020.

De Guardia, A. Mallard, P. Teglia, C. Marin, A. Le pape, C. Launay, M. Benoist, J.C. Petiot, C. 2010. Comparison of Five Organic Wastes regarding Their Behaviour during Composting: Part 2, Nitrogen Dynamic. Waste Management. 415–425.

Durand, F.C. Ossa, F. 2014. The Rumen Micobiome: Composition, Abundance, Diversity, and New Investigative Tools. The Professional Animal Scientist. 30:1–12.

Guo, R. Li, G. Jiang, T. Schuchardt, F. Chen, T. Zhao, Y. Shen, Y. 2012. Effect of Aeration Rate, C/N Ratio and Moisture Content on the Stability and Maturity of Compost. Bioresource Technology. 112: 171-178.

Jafarpour, M. Fooland, A., Mansouri, M., Niknakhsh, Z. Saeedizade, H. 2010. Ammonia Removal from Nitrogenous Industrial Waste Water using Iranan Natural Zeolite of Clinoptilolite Type. International Journal of Environmental and Ecological Engineering. 481-487.

Li, X. Lin, C. Wang, Y. Zhao, M. Hou, Y. 2010. Clinoptilolite Adsorption Capability of Ammonia in Pig Farm. Procedia Environmental Sciences. 1598-1612.

Lis S. 2014. Recent Development in Human Odor Detection Technologies. Journal of Forensic Science and Criminolog. 1-12.

Lo, S.F. Wang, S.Y. Tsai, M.J. Lin, L.D. 2012. Adsorption Capacity and Removal Efficiency of Heavy Metal Ions by Moso and Ma Bamboo Activated Carbons. Chemical Engineering Research and Design. 1397-1406.

Magaji, J.Y. Chup, C.D. 2012. The Effects of Abattoir Waste on Water Quality in Gwagwalada-Abuja Nigeria. Ethiopian Journal of Environmental Studies and Management. 5: 542-549.

Mehta, C.M. Sirasi, K. 2018. Comparative Study of Aerobic and Anaerobic Composting for Better Understanding of Organic Waste Management: a Mini Review. Plant Achives. 44-48.

Murti, R.S. Purwanti, C.M.H. Suyatini. 2013. Adsorption of Ammonia from Tannery Wastewater using Bagasse Fly Ash. Leather Magazine, Rubber and Plastic. 85-90.

Nanda, S., Sarangi, P.K., Abraham, J. 2012. Microbial Biofiltration Technology for Odour Abatement: an Introductory Review. Journal of Soil Science and Environmental Management. 28-35.

Nunes, W.A.G.A. Menezes, J.F.S. Benites, V.M. Junior, S.A.L., Oliveira, A.S. 2015. Use of Organic Compost Produced from Slaughterhouse Waste as Fertilizer in Soybean and Corn Crops. Science Agriculture. 72(4): 343-350.

Ratnawati, R. Trihadiningrum, Y. 2014. Slaughterhouse Solid Waste Management in Indonesia. Journal of Biological Researches. 19:69-73.

Ratnawati, R. Trihadiningrum, Y. Juliastuti, S.R. 2016a. Composting of Rumen Content Waste using Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic (A2O) Methods. Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management. 42(2): 98-106.

Ratnawati, R. R.A. Wulandari, N. Matin, 2016b. Slaughterhouse Solid Waste Treatment using Aerobic and Anaerobic Composting. In 1st Seminar Nasional Lingkungan Hidup. Malang, Indonesia.

Ratnawati, R. Sugito, N. Permatasari, M.F. Arrijal, 2018. Utilization of Cow and Rumen Content as Organic Fertilizer. In 1st Seminar Nasional Hasil Riset dan Pengabdian 2018. Surabaya, Indonesia.

Rini, I.D.W.S. R. Ratnawati, Y. Trihadiningrum, 2015. Changing patterns of N-inorganic content in the composting process of slaughterhouse solid waste with aerobic system. In: 1st National Seminar Manajemen Teknologi XXII. Surabaya, Indonesia.

Roy, B.C. Khan, M.R.I. Rahman, M.M. Salleh, M.A.M. Ahsan, A. Amin, M.R. 2013. Development of a Convenient Method of Rumen Content Composting. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 12:1439-1444.

Salimin, Z. J. Rachmadetin, 2011. Denitrification of Liquid Radioactive Waste Containing Nitric Acid with the Biooxidation Process. National Seminar Teknologi Pengelolaan Limbah IX, Cilegon: Center for Radioactive Waste Technology, Faculty of Civil Engineering Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa. Banten, Indonesia.

Sari, FP., Hendrawan D., Indrawati, D., 2015. Pengaruh Penambahan Bioaktivator pada Proses Dekomposisi Sampah Organik Secara Anaerob, Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan. 7(2): 57-66, http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v7i2.715

Sharadqah, S.I. Al-Dwairi, R.A. 2010. Odorant Emissions from Poultry Manure using Jordanian Natural Zeolites. Jordan Journal of Civil Engineering. 378-388.

Solikah, S.Utami B. 2014. Differences in the Use of Adsorbents from Activated Natural Zeolites and Immobilized Natural Zeolites for the Absorption of Copper Metal Ions (Cu2+). In 6th National Seminar on Chemistry and Chemistry Education. Solo, Indonesia.

Sumarli, I. Yulianti, Masturi, R. Munawaroh, 2016. Effect of Zeolite Mass Variation on Wastewater Treatment of Animal Feed Factories through Filtration Media. In: 5th National Seminar on Physics (E-Journal) SNF 2016 Vol. 6, Universitas Negeri Jakarta. Jakarta, Indonesia.

Sun, Y. Xin, L. Wu, G. Guan, Y. 2019. Nitrogen removal, nitrogen oxide emission and microbial community in sequencing batch and continuous-flow intermittent aeration processes.Environmental Engineering Research. 107-116.

Suprayogi, T. 2013. Reducing ammonia emissions with zeolites in composting of slaughterhouse solid waste with anaerobic-anoxic-oxic (A2O) systems [final project]. Surabaya: Institut Sepuluh Nopember Surabaya.Surabaya, Indonesia.

Tchobanoglous, G. Theisen, H. Vigil, S.A. Integrated Solid Waste Management, McGraw-Hill International Editions, Singapore 2013.

Trihadiningrum, Y., R. Ratnawati, I.D.W.S. Rini, A.G. Arudam, Warmadewanthi, S.R. Juliastuti, 2015a. Composting process of slaughterhouse solid waste using aerobic methods. In 5th Environmental Technology and Management Conference (ETMC). Bandung, Indonesia.

Trihadiningrum, Y., R. Ratnawati, R.A. Wulandari, D.R Radita, S.R. Juliastuti, 2015b. Comparison of Slaughterhouse Solid Waste Treatment using Anaerobic-Anoxic-Oxic and Aerobic Compositng Methods. In 5th Environmental Technology and Management Conference (ETMC). Bandung, Indonesia.

Utami, T.S. Adriaty, L. Hermansyah, H. Nasikin, M. 2011. Reducing Nitrous Oxide Emission using Goat Manure-Compost Based Biofilter. Word Applied Science Journal. 226-232.

Utomo, M.P. Widjajanti, E. Budiasih, K.S. 2010. Nitrogen Adsorption from Urine with Zeolite. Saintech Research Journal. 20-28.

Wu C, Wang Q, Sun X. Xue N. Liu S, Xie W. 2010. Effect of Aeration Modes on the Characteristics of Composting Emissions and the NH3 Removal Efficiency by using Biotrickling Filter. Journal of Waste Management. 31: 1702-1710.

Xiao-mei, S. Shu-quan, Z. Wen-hui, Z. 2008. Effect of Surface Modification of Activated Carbon on its Adsorption Capacity for NH3. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology. 261-274.

Zheng, H. Han, L. Ma, H. Zheng, Y. Zhang H. Liu, D. Liang, S. 2008. Adsorption Characteristics of Ammonium Ion by Zeolite 13X. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 577-584.

Zhu, Z. Dong, H. Xi, J. XIn, H. 2014. Ammonia and Green House Gas Emissions from Co-Composting of Dead Hens with Manure as Affected by Force Aeration Rate. American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers. 211-217.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v3i2.5795

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"        width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"                    

Copyright of Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

     Creative Commons License