DETERMINATION OF DEOXYGENATION RATE OF URBAN RIVER USING MODIFICATION METHODS FOR CITEPUS RIVER WATER, BANDUNG, INDONESIA

Yonik Meilawati Yustiani, Mia Nurkanti, Fadhlan Khusyairi Tarigan, Gatut Sudarjanto

Abstract


River water quality modeling needs appropriate and suitable coefficients especially in application for specific river like urban river. Aim: This study aims to determine the value of the coefficient with a short term duration and a variable test time span.  Several ways and methods of determining the rate of deoxygenation are developed according to the characteristics of the river and the environment. Modification method was applied in this research in which the test time span was unequal. The river chosen in this study is the Citepus River, Bandung, Indonesia representing an urban river in a tropical country. Methodology and Results: Sampling was carried out in the dry season. The laboratory analysis method used in determining the rate of deoxygenation uses the Slope Method of data from the short term incubation, which is ten days. The results showed that the Thomas Slope method's deoxygenation rate (K1) was 0.095 per day in the upstream segment, 0.917 per day in the middle segment, and 0.180 per day in the downstream segment. While the Ultimate BOD (La) value is 46.95 mg/l in the upstream segment, 38.70 mg/l in the middle segment, and 37.60 mg/l in the downstream segment. Conclusion, significance, and impact of study: The results of this study show that the value of the deoxygenation rate is similar to the theoretical surface water conditions. However, in the upstream segment, there is still a low deoxygenation rate value due to non-optimal activity of microorganisms. This findings will be very useful both in water quality modeling and river management.

Keywords


Citepus River; Deoxygenation rate; Short term; Thomas’ slope method; Urban river

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 0| PDF views : 0

References


Ejigu, M. T. 2021. Overview of water quality modeling. Cogent Engineering. 8: 1891711. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311916.2021.1891711.

Firdayati, M., Indiyani, A., Prihandrijanti, M., and Otterpohl. 2015. Greywater in Indonesia: Characteristic and Treatment Systems. Jurnal Teknik Lingkungan. 21(2): 98-114.

Haider, H. and Ali, W. 2010. Effect of Wastewater Treatment on Bio-kinetics of Dissolved Oxygen in River Ravi. Pak. J. Engg. & Appl. Sci. 6: 42-51.

Haider, H., Ali, W., and Haydar, S. 2013. Evaluation of various relationship of reaeration rate coefficient for modeling dissolved oxygen in a river with extreme flow variations in Pakistan. Hydrological Processes. 27: 3949-3963. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hyp.9528.

Handoko, M. and Sutrisno, A. J. 2021. Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) Concentration in Rawa Pening Lake, Semarang Regency. Jurnal Geografi Gea. 21(1): 58-71.

Hendriarianti, E. and Karnaningroem, N. 2015. Deoxygenation Rate of Carbon in Upstream Brantas River in the City of Malang. Journal Applied Environmental and Biological Science. 5 (12) : 34-41.

Hendriarianti, E., Kustamar, Sudiro, and Wulandari, A. 2018. Self-purification Performance of Brantas River in East Java from Ammonia Deoxygenation Rate. Int. J. of Civil Engineering and Technology. 9(10): 95-101.

Islam, M. S., Uddin, M. K., Tareq, S. M., Shammi, M., Kamal, A. K. I., Sugano, T., Kurasaki, M., Saito, T., Tanaka, S., Kuramitz, H. 2015. Alteration of Water Pollution Level with the Seasonal Changes in Mean Daily Discharge in Three Main Rivers around Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Environments. 2: 280-294. https://doi.org/10.3390/environments2030280

Lin, S. D. Water and Wastewater Calculation Manual. 2nd Ed. Mc-Graw Hill. New York, 2007, p. 14

Menezes, J. P. C. d., Bittencourt, R. P., Farias, M. D. S., Bello, I. P., Oliveira, L. Z. C. d., and Fia, R. 2015. Deoxygenation rate, reaeration and potential for self-purification of a small tropical urban stream. Revista Ambiente & Agua. 10(4). https://doi.org/10.4136/ambi-agua.1599

Mulyatna, L., Asdak, C., Gunawan, B., Putuhena, W. M. 2020. Conceptual Model to Measure the Sustainability of Domestic Raw Water Supply from Mixed Sources. Int. Journal of Geomate. 19(76): 40-47. https://doi.org/10.21660/2020.76.50976

Nugraha, W. D., Sarminingsih, A., and Alfisya. 2020. The Study of Self Purification Capacity Based on Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Dissolved Oxygen (DO) Parameters. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Sciences. 448: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/448/1/012105

Penn, M. R., Pauer, J. J., and Mihelcic, J. R. 2003. Biochemical Oxygen Demand. Environmental and Ecological Chemistry. Vol. II, 3-12.

Rice, E.W., Baird, R.B., and Eaton, A.D. (Ed., APHA Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 23rd Ed, American Water Works Association, 2017.

Singh, B. Determination of BOD Kinetic Parameters and Evaluation of Alternative Methods. Master Thesis. Department of Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences, Thapar Institute of Engineering and Technology (DEEMED University). Patiala, India, 2004.

Spyra, A. 2017. Acidic, neutral and alkaline forest ponds as landscape element affected biodiversity of freshwater snails. Naturwissenschaften. 104(9): 73. https://dx.doi.org/10.1007%2Fs00114-017-1495-z.

Thenu, L., Karnaningroem, N. 2019. Study of Remu River Water Quality Using Dynamic Program. IPTEK The Journal for Technology and Science. 30(1): 11-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.12962/ j20882033.v30i1.4998.

Wahyuningsih, S., Novita, E., and Idayana, D. A. 2020. Penilaian Daya Dukung Sungai Antirogo di Kabupaten Jember terhadap Beban Pencemaran menggunakan Metode Steeter-Phelps. agriTECH. 40(3): 199-205. http://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.50450.

Wahyuningsih, S. Novita. E, and Imami, R. F., 2019. Laju Deoksigenasi dan Laju Reaerasi Sungai Bedadung Segmen Desa Gumelar Kabupaten Jember. agriTECH. 39(2): 87-96. https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.41969.

Widodo, T., Budiastuti, M. T. S., and Komariah, K. 2019. Water Quality and Pollution Index in Grenjeng River, Boyolali Regency, Indonesia. CarakaTani Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 34(2): 150-161. https://doi.org/10.20961/carakatani.v34i2.29186.

Yustiani, Y. M., Abror, D. F., Wahyuni, S., and Nurkanti, M. 2021. Determination of Deoxygenation Rate of Citarum River Water using Long Term Technique. Journal of Environmental Treatment Technique. 9(2): 505-509.

Yustiani, Y . M., Mulyatna, L., and Pranata, F. 2013. The oxygenation rater determination based on physical condition of river body, case study of Citepus River. AIP Conference Proceeding. 1554(1): 281. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4820340.

Yustiani, Y. M., Nurkanti, M., Suliasih, N., and Novantri, A. 2018. Influencing Parameter of Self Purification Process in the Urban Area of Cikapundung River, Indonesia. International Journal of Geomate. 14( 43): 50-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.21660/2018.43.3546.

Yustiani, Y. M, Wahyuni, S., and Kadir, A. A. A. 2019. Identifikasi Nilai Laju Deoksigenasi di Daerah Padat Penduduk (Studi Kasus Sungai Cicadas, Bandung). Journal of Community Based Environmental Engineering and Management. 3(1): 9-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.23969/ jcbeem.v3i1.1496.

Zubaidah, T., Karnaningroem, N., Slamet, A. 2019. The Self-Purification Ability in the Rivers of Banjarmasin, Indonesia. Journal of Ecological Engineering. 20(2): 177-182. https://doi.org/10.12911/22998993/97286.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/urbanenvirotech.v5i1.10740

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"        width="60"    width="60"    width="60"    width="60"                                

Copyright of Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

     Creative Commons License