Agnes Maria, Djohan Pinnarwan


So far, auditor’s independence has been the central theme of auditing- related discussions. Since the birth of auditing pmfessbn, these kinds of discussions has already existed. This paper attempts to recollect part of those discussions by reviewing die relevant literatures. This recollection is not the first attempt that has ever been done, but this paper is particularly unique in these respects, (1) it not only reviews the researches on auditor's independence, but also reviews the discussions about what is the meaning of “auditor’s independence’by different auditing-experts, (2) it includes die conceptual frameworks of the perceptions on auditor’s indepen­dence, and (3) it attempts to summarize the issues of “where we are now" and “where we are heading for” on auditor’s independence. This literatures-review reveals that the discussion on both research-results and die meaning of auditor’s independence has been and will be always inconclusive. At die end of this paper, the conceptual framework of perception on auditor's independence is presented in the hope that it will guide the future discussions about the same topic.


Independence, independence in fact, independence in appearance and competency.

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