Pengaruh Suhu Gas-Plastik dan Air-Pendingin Kondensor terhadap Minyak yang Dihasilkan pada Proses Pirolisis Plastik

Chalilullah Rangkuti, Muhamad Rijani

Abstract


Nowadays, especially in big cities like Jakarta, there are a lot of people's needs every day and produce a huge amount of garbage which reaches 6000 tons dumped to Bantar Gebang landfill area every day and not to mention those which is not collected by scavengers. Of those garbage, 13%-14% of the waste is plastic type. In this study the distillation method is used. By pyrolysis method the plastic is heated and gasified to different temperatures before it goes to the condenser and converted to oil using different cooling water temperatures of the condenser. The results of this study, for 1 kg of plastic processed the optimum temperature of the gasified plastic of 90 oC with cooling water condenser temperature of 15 oC is producing 800 mL of plastic-oil, which is 68% of the weight of the plastic being processed. The plastic-oil produced is close to the type of gasoline.

Keywords


plastic; distillation method; pyrolysis; plastic-oil

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 135| PDF views : 0

References


Surono, U.B., 2013, “Berbagai Metode Sampah Plastik Menjadi Bahan Bakar Minyak,” Jurnal Teknik, 3(1), hal. 32-48. Penerbit: Jurusan Teknik Mesin, Universitas Janabadra, Yogyakarta.

Migristine, R., 2009, “Pengolahan Sampah Plastik,” Titian Ilmu, Bandung.

Mustofa, D., 2014, “Pirolisis Sampah Plastik Hingga Suhu 900˚C Sebagai Upaya Menghasilkan Bahan Bakar Ramah Lingkungan,” Simposium Nasional RAPI XIII-2014, Jakarta.

Natalia, M., 2013, “Pengolahan Sampah Organik (Sayur-Sayuran),” Prosiding Seminar Nasional Teknik Mesin Usakti, Jakarta.

Ramadhan P., A. dan Ali, M., 2011, “Pengolahan Sampah Plastik Menjadi Minyak Menggunakan Proses Pirolisis,” Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Lingkungan, 4(1). Penerbit: Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional, Jakarta.

Wartawan, A.L., 1997, Bahan Bakar Bensin Otomotif, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/ms.v10i1.4126

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 MESIN

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

http://s11.flagcounter.com/count2/W0a/bg_FFFFFF/txt_000000/border_CCCCCC/columns_2/maxflags_10/viewers_0/labels_0/pageviews_0/flags_0/percent_0/