DAYA SAING USAHA TERNAK SAPI PERAH RAKYAT DI KECAMATAN PUJON KABUPATEN MALANG JAWA TIMUR

Harmini adibowo, Feryanto willcharo

Abstract


Up to present, the dairy farmers only able to meet 25-30 percent of all milk demand in Indonesia, although milk and its derivatives continues to increase steadily. This condition occurs due to low milk productivity, small-scale dairy farm unit, inadequate government policies as well as economic globalization. The objectives of this study are, first, to measure the competitiveness of the small-scale dairy farm. Second, to evaluate the impact of government policies. Third, lastly, to analyse the implication of price changes on input-output. A Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) for data is applied. The results show that, first, the small-scale dairy farms operate in competitiveness. Second, so far government policies did not provide adequate incentives and directly promote the dairy farms’ competitiveness. Third, high import tariff (15 percent) could significantly protect the competitiveness of the small-scale dairy farms.

Keywords


competitiveness, small-scale dairy farm, Policy Analysis Matrix.

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 344| PDF views : 0

References


Babiker, et.al. 2011. Sudanese Live Sheep and Mutton Export Competiti veness. Journal of The Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences 10 : 25 – 32.

Badan Pusat Statistik [BPS]. 2011. Produk Domestik Bruto Sektor Pertanian Atas Dasar Harga Konstan 2000 Menurut Subsektor Tahun 2004 – 2009. Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta.

Boediyana, T. 2008. Menyongsong Agribisnis Persusuan Yang Prospektof di Tanah Air. Majalah Trobos No.108.Ed. September 2008 (VIII), Jakarta.

Daryanto, Arif. 2009. Posisi Dayasaing Pertanian Indonesia Dan Upaya Peningkatannya. Di dalam Seminar Nasional :Peningkatan Dayasaing Agribisnis Ber-orientasi Kesejahteraan Petani. Bogor, 14 Oktober 2009. Pusat Analisis Sosial Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pertanian Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian,Departemen Pertanian.

Ditjen Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2010. Blue Print Persusuan Nasional. Ditjen Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan, Jakarta.

Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2012. Struktur Populasi Ternak Sapi

Perah Hasil PSPK2011 Per Per Provinsi (2011). Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan, Jakarta

Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2012. Action Plan Budidaya Peternakan Sapi Perah Rakyat Menuju Swasembada Susu Tahun 2020. Disampaikan pada Workshop Pengembangan Sapi Perah Indonesia, Hotel Rich Yogyakarta, 22-23 Juni 2012.

Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan. 2011. Statistik Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan 2011. Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan dan Kesehatan Hewan, Jakarta.

Dinas Peternakan Provinsi Jawa Timur. 2011. Statistik Produksi TernakJawa Timur. http:// disnak.jatimprov.go.id/web/ statistik_produksi_detail.php [diakses 14 MeI 2012].

Ditjennak. 2010. Populasi dan Perkembangan Usaha Peternakan Indonesia.

Kementerian Pertanian, Jakarta. Feryanto. 2010. Analisis Dayasaing dan Dampak Kebijakan Pemerintah Terhadap Komoditas Susu Sapi Lokal di Jawa Barat. [Tesis]. Sekolah Pascasarjana IPB, Bogor.

Harmini et.al. 2012. Analisis Kelayakan Usahaternak Sapi Perah Rakyat dan Pemasaran Susu di Jawa Timur. Tidak Dipublikasikan. Laporan Penelitian Unggulan Departemen Agribisnis FEM IPB, Bogor.

International Dairy Product Prices. 2012. Full Cream Milk Powder Prices. http:// future.aae.wisc.edu/data/ weekly_values/by_area/1705.

Diakses 5 November 2012. Kadariah, Lien K., dan Grey C. 1978. Evaluasi Proyek Analisis EKonomi. Edisi 1.Fakultas Ekonomi. UI Press,Jakarta.

Kuraisin, V. 2006. Analisis Daya Saing dan Dampak Perubahan Kebijakan Pemerintah terhadap Komoditi Susu Sapi (Kasus di Desa Tajurhalang, Kecamatan Cijeruk, Kabupaten Bogor). [Skripsi]. Fakultas Pertanian, Insitut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Mongke, E. A dan S. R. Pearson. 1998. The Policy Analysis Matriks for Agriculture Development. Cornell University Press, Itacha and London.

Pearson, et.al. 2005. Aplikasi Policy Analysis Matrix Pada Pertanian Indonesia. Yayasan Obor Indonesia, Jakarta.

Priyanti, A., W. Rindayati dan G. A. J. Rumagit. 2004. Dampak Kebijakan Industri Susu Terhadap Kesejahteraan Masyarakat. Jurnal Penelitian Peternakan WARTAZOA, 3 (3): 257-268




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/me.v22i1.2818

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Media Ekonomi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

 

View My Stats