PROFIL TINGKAT TEKANAN DARAH DAN PREVALENSI PENYAKIT DI DESA SUKASARI, KECAMATAN PULOSARI, PANDEGLANG

David David, ML Edy Parwanto, Haryo Ganeca Widyatama, Sisca Sisca

Abstract


Darah tinggi adalah kondisi kronis dimana tekanan pada arteri meningkat secara persisten. Prevalensi hipertensi di Provinsi Banten sebanyak 27,6%. Hipertensi merupakan penyebab kematian nomor tiga di Indonesia. Desa Sukasari memiliki jumlah penduduk sebanyak 4.239 orang. Fasilitas kesehatan yang terdapat di desa ini masih kurang. Dengan perbandingan tidak seimbang antara jumlah penduduk dan fasilitas kesehatan yang ada dapat sebabkan suatu masalah kesehatan. Tujuan kegiatan ini adalah untuk mengetahui profil tingkat tekanan darah dan prevalensi penyakit di Desa Sukasari sebagai gambaran kepada pihak terkait untuk dilakukan intervensi berikutnya dalam rangka membangun desa sehat. Metode pada PKM ini berupa pengobatan gratis. Dari hasil pemeriksaan oleh dokter umum didapatkan diagnosis suatu penyakit yang digunakan sebagai gambaran tingkat tekanan darah dan prevalensi tekanan darah di Desa Sukasari. Khalayak yang disasar adalah masyarakat umum di wilayah kerja Desa Sukasari yang datang. Tingkat tekanan darah pada tingkat normal yang paling banyak ditemukan. Prevalensi penyakit terbanyak adalah arthritis, dyspepsia, dan hipertensi grade II. Mayoritas tingkat tekanan darah pada tingkat normal. Jumlah penyakit terbanyak di Desa Sukasari adalah hipertensi grade II, dyspepsia, dan arthritis dengan jumlah 4 kasus. Dengan mengetahui profil tingkat tekanan darah dan prevalensi penyakit terbanyak di desa Sukasari, dapat dilakukan suatu intervensi yang terarah.


Keywords


arthritis; dyspepsia; masalah kesehatan; prevalensi penyakit; tingkat tekanan darah

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 0| PDF views : 0

References


Arianto, K. and Fitriana, E.N., 2013. Social Capital in the Independence of the Public Health. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik), 17(2): 37-49. https://doi.org/10.22146/jkap.6853

Ahdaniar, A., Hasanuddin, H. and Indar, I., 2014. Factors Related to the Incidence of Rheumatic Diseases in the Elderly in the Area of Local Health Clinics in Makassar-Kassi. Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan Diagnosis. 4(2): 150-156. http://ejournal.stikesnh.ac.id/index.php/jikd/article/view/640

Badan Pusat Statistik Pandeglang. Sub-district Pulosari in Numbers 2018. 2018. https://pandeglangkab.bps.go.id/publication/2018/09/26/a4053be56e84d19de0abd7fd/kecamatan-pulosari-dalam-angka-2018.html

DeMarco, V.G., Aroor, A.R. and Sowers, J.R., 2014. The Pathophysiology of Hypertension in Patients with Obesity. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. 10(6): 364. https://www.nature.com/articles/nrendo.2014.44

Depkes RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS). Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Departemen Kesehatan RI; 2007. p.8. http://www.academia.edu/download/6804955/riskesdas_2007.pdf

Gupta-Malhotra, M., Banker, A., Shete, S., Hashmi, S.S., Tyson, J.E., Barratt, M.S., Hecht, J.T., Milewicz, D.M. and Boerwinkle, E., 2014. Essential Hypertension VS Secondary Hypertension among Children. American Journal of Hypertension. 28(1):73-80. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajh/hpu083

Hall, J.E., do Carmo, J.M., da Silva, A.A., Wang, Z. and Hall, M.E., 2015. Obesity-Induced Hypertension: Interaction of Neurohumoral and Renal Mechanisms. Circulation research, 116(6) : 991-1006. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.116.305697

Hall, M.E., do Carmo, J.M., da Silva, A.A., Juncos, L.A., Wang, Z. and Hall, J.E., 2014. Obesity, Hypertension, and Chronic Kidney Disease. International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease. 7. p.75. https://dx.doi.org/10.2147%2FIJNRD.S39739

Joint National Committe. 2003. Hypertension Guidelines: JNC-7 and 2003 ESH/ESC

Martin, J., 2008. Hypertension Guidelines: Revisiting the JNC 7 Recommendations. The Journal of Lancaster General Hospital, 3(3). http://www.jlgh.org/Past-Issues/Volume-3---Issue-3/Hypertension-Guidelines.aspx

Nurhidayah, K., Rustiana, Y. and Wijianto, S.S.T., 2012. Effect of Rheumatism Gymnastics on Elderly Functional Activities in Elderly Gymnastics Community of Nusukan Banjarsari Village area in Surakarta (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta). http://eprints.ums.ac.id/20570/

Rahajeng, E. and Tuminah, S., 2009. The Prevalence of Hypertension and Its Determination in Indonesia. Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia. 59(12): 580-587. http://www.academia.edu/download/41894927/700-760-1-PB.pdf

Robson, M.G., Le, C., Jun, D., Yichun, L., Zhankun, S. and Keying, Z., 2011. Multilevel Analysis of the Determinants of Pre-Hypertension and Hypertension in Rural Southwest China. Public Health Reports. 126(3): 420-427. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F003335491112600316

Rumengan, D.S., Umboh, J.M.L. and Kandou, G.D., 2015. Factors Related to the Utilization of Health Services in the Participants of BPJS Health in Paniki Puskesmas under District Mapanget Manado. Jikmu. 5(2). https://ejournal.unsrat.ac.id/index.php/jikmu/article/view/7180

Sitepu R. The Influence of Smoking Habits and Nutritional Status of Hypertension in the Office Employees of the Ministry of Religious Affairs of North Sumatera Province. Thesis. Medan: Faculty of Public Health, Sumatera Utara University, 2012. http://repository.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/34277

Sihombing, M., 2011. Association of Smoking Behavior, Consumption of Food/Beverage, and Physical Activity with Hypertension among Adult Obese Respondents in Indonesia. Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association. 60(09).

Sitinjak, V.M., Hastuti, M.F. and Nurfianti, A., 2016. Influence of Rheumatic Gymnastics for Pain Change at Elderly with Knee Osteoarthritis. Jurnal Keperawatan Padjadjaran. 4(2). http://jkp.fkep.unpad.ac.id/index.php/jkp/article/download/234/126

Sulaeman, E.S., Karsid, R., Murti, B., Kartono, D.T. and Hartanto, R., 2012. Community Empowerment Model in the Ability to Identify Health Problems: Study on Idle Village Program. YARSI Medical Journal. 20(3): 128-142. https://doi.org/10.33476/jky.v20i3.166

Sulistyorini, A. and Purwanta, P., 2011. Utilization of Government and Private Health Care Facilities in Sleman Regency. Kesmas: National Public Health Journal. 5(4): 178-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.21109/kesmas.v5i4.139

Triwinarto, A. and Muljati, S., 2012. Cut-off Point Body Mass Index (Bmi) and Abdominal Circumference as Indicators of Diabetes and Hypertension Risks Am. The Journal of Nutrition and Food Research. 35(2): 119-135. http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/pgm/article/view/3381

Untari, I., 2012. The Relationship Between the Amount of Cigarettes Consumed by Hypertension. Profesi (Profesional Islam): Media Publikasi Penelitian, 9. http://www.ejournal.stikespku.ac.id/index.php/mpp/article/view/13

Widiyatama HG. The Relationship between Smoking Habits and Increased Blood Pressure. Skripsi. Medicine Faculty, Trisakti University, 2014. http://www.repository.trisakti.ac.id/webopac_usaktiana/index.php/home/detail/detail_koleksi/0/SKR/judul/00000000000000073505/haryo%20ganeca#menu

Wright, J. M., Musini, V.M. and Gill, R., 2018. First‐line Drugs for Hypertension. Cochrane Database of systematic reviews, (4). https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD001841.pub3




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/juara.v1i2.5678

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

     Creative Commons License