Distribusi Gingivitis Pada Pasien Skizofrenia (Kajian pada RSJD Dr. Amino Gondohusodo Semarang)

Mikael Surya Editha, Lies Zubardiah

Abstract


Background: Periodontal disease is a form of inflammation in the periodontal tissue commonly caused by bacteria. Periodontal disease consists of gingivitis and periodontitis. The clinical signs appears in gingivitis only occurs in the gingiva. The prevalence of periodontal disease in Indonesia in 2018 reached a number of 37,057%. Gingivitis can be occur to psychiatric disosder patient such as schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a psychiatric disorder experienced by someone depicting the discordance or disharmony in the process of thinking, feeling, and doing. Normal individuals can easily learn the proper way to brush the teeth in order to wipe the plaque effectively. While, the brushing teeth education for schizophrenic patients is much harder to be accepted correctly. Objective:  To identify the frequency distribution of gingivitis lesions in schizophrenic patients at the Regional Psychiatric Hospital Semarang. Method: The descriptive observational research was conducted by looking at the secondary data which was a medical record of schizophrenic patients experiencing dental treatment in the dental polyclinics during 2015-2019. Results:  The undergoing dental treatment of schizophrenic patients were as many as 100 medical records. Gingivitis in schizophrenic patients are found 41% in most people ranged from 26 to 35 years old and 36 to 45 years old (63.42%). Based on gender, there are more men suffering from gingivitis lesions than women. Conclusion: A study shows that schizophrenia patients suffering gingivitis comes in a relatively high of number (41%).

Keywords


gingivitis, schizophrenia.

Full Text:

PDF

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 29| PDF views : 0

References


Trenggono BS, Astoeti TE, Poedjiastoeti W, et al. Standar pelayanan medis. I. Jakarta: RSGM FKG USAKTI; 2012. 220 p.

Riskesdas K 2018. Hasil utama riset kesehatan dasar (Riskesdas). J Phys A Math Theor [Internet]. 2018;44(8):1–200. Available from: http://arxiv.org/abs/1011.1669%0Ahttp://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1751-8113/44/8/085201%0Ahttp://stacks.iop.org/1751-8121/44/i=8/a=085201?key=crossref.abc74c979a75846b3de48a5587bf708f

Mustaqimah DN. Peran stres terhadap kesehatan jaringan periodonsium. Juwono L, editor. Jakarta: Penerbit Buku Kedokteraan EGC; 2010. p.9,

Diah D, Widorini T, Nugraheni NE. Perbedaan angka kejadian gingivitis antara usia pra-pubertas dan pubertas di Kota Malang. E-Prodenta J Dent. 2019;02(01):108–115.

Wardhani. Pelayanan kesehatan mental dalam hubungan dengan disabilitas dan gaya hidup masyarakat indonesia. Puslitbanghum dan Manaj.Kes Kemenkes RI. 2016;19:99–107.

Iain L, Brian L, Dyke V, Thomas E, Mark P, Maria L, et al. Periodontal health and gingival diseases and conditions on an intact and a reduced periodontium. J Periodontol. 2019; 874-884.

Ratulangi MHR, Wowor VNS, Mintjelungan CN. Status gingiva siswa tunagrahita di sekolah luar biasa Santa Anna Tomohon. Jurnal e-GiGi(eG). 2016;4:202–203.

Lubis N, Krisnani H, Fediyansyah M. Pemahaman masyarakat mengenai gangguan jiwa dan keterbelakangan mental. Share Soc Work J. 2018;4(2).

Maslin R. Buku saku diagnosis gangguan jiwa. 2nd ed. Jakarta: Bag. Ilmu Kedokt. Jiwa FK-Unika Atmajaya; 2013. p. 2,7, 17.

Riskesdas 2013 [Internet]. Balitbangkes depkes RI. 2013. Available from: http://www.academia.edu/download/36235491/Laporan_riskesdas_2010.pdf

Friedlander AH, RPL. Oral health care of the patient with schizophrenia. Balkan of J Dent Medicine 2012;11(5):179–83.

Ayu C, Gunawan P, Wicaksono DA. Gambaran status gingiva pada anak usia sekolah dasar di SD GMIM Tonsea

Pawlak EA, Hoag PM. Essentials of periodontics. 2nd ed. Mosby. 1980. p.18-23.

Newman, Michael. Takei, Henry. Klokkevold, Perry. Carranza F, eds. Carranza’s Clinical Periodontology ed 12.pdf. Missouri. Elseiver . 2015. p. 9, 20-23,47, 225–30.

Cekici, A, Kantarci, A, Hasturk, H & Van Dyke TE. Inflammatory and immune pathways in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease. 2014;64(12):57–80.

Joseph P, Panagiota, Fiorellini, Stathopoulou G. Clinical features of gingivitis. In mrzezo in Periodontics; 2015. Available from: https://pocketdentistry.com/15-clinical-features-of-gingivitis/#s0080

Zubardiah L. Jaringan periodonsium anatomis, klinis & histologis. Universitas Trisakti; 2014. 1, 6 p.

Maramis WF. AAM. Ilmu kedokteran jiwa. 2nd ed. Surabaya: Airlangga Univercity Press; 2009. p.2.

Elvira SD, Hadisukanto G, editors. Buku ajar psikiatri. Badan Penerbit FKUI; 2010. p.170 .

Ramadhani ZF, Putri DKT, Cholil. Prevalensi penyakit periodontal pada perokok di lingkungan Batalyon Infanteri 621/ Manuntung Barabai Hulu Sungai Tengah. Dentino J Kedokt gigi. 2014;II(2):197–200.

Seeman MV. Antipsychotics and physical attractiveness. 2011; Okt.5(3):142-146.

Swati G, Pratibha PKRG. Necessity of oral health intervention in schizophrenic patients – a review. Nepal J Epidemiol. 2016;6(4):605–12.

Đorđević V, Dejanović SĐ, Janković L, Todorović L. Schizophrenia and oral health - review of the literature. Balk J Dent Med. 2016;20(1):15–21.

Reddy S. Essential of Clinical Periodontology and Periodontics. 3rd ed. New Delhi: Jaypee Brother Medical Publisher; 2011. 9 p.

Idrees MM, Azzeghaiby SN, Hammad MM, Kujan OB. Prevalence and severity of plaque-induced gingivitis in a saudi adult population. Saudi Med J. 2014;35(11):1373–7.

Haas AN, Prado R, Rios FS, Costa RDSA, Angst PDM, Moura MDS, et al. Occurrence and predictors of gingivitis and supragingival calculus in a population of brazilian adults. Braz Oral Res. 2019;33:e036.

Rahayu C, Widiati S, Widyanti N. Hubungan antara pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku terhadap pemeliharaan kebersihan gigi dan mulut dengan status kesehatan periodontal pra lansia di posbindu kecamatan indihiang kota tasikmalaya. Maj Kedokt Gigi Indones. 2014;21(1):27.

Yulianty MD, Cahaya N, Srikartika VM. Studi Penggunaan antipsikotik dan efek samping pada pasien skizofrenia di Rumah Sakit Jiwa Sambang Lihum Kalimantan Selatan. J Sains Farm Klin. 2017;3(2):153.

Ojong M, Allen SN. Management and prevention of agranulocytosis in patients receiving clozapine. Ment Heal Clin. 2013;3:139–43.

Anggraini H. 2019. Pengetahuan dasar gangguan jiwa. Hasil wawancara pribadi: 23 Agustus 2019, RSJD Dr. Amino Gondohutomo Semarang.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.