Reservoir Quality Assessment Based on The Occurrence of Burial Diagenesis: Sandstone Case Study From Tanjung Formation, Barito Basin, South Kalimantan

Rosmalia Dita Nugraheni, Eko Widianto


Barito Basin is known as one of hydrocarbon producing basin which is located in the Southeast Kalimantan. One of its prolific reservoir comes from sandstone facies of Tanjung Formation in the Paleo-Oligocene time. The sandstone undergone diagenesis, subsequently after deposition due to burial process. Burial diagenesis promotes further compaction, cementation and alteration which affect the reservoir quality. This study aims to assess the reservoir quality and its sensitivity against the diagenesis products. Research method was carried out by examine the core samples and scrutiny laboratory observation, such as Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). X-ray Diffraction (XRD), porosity, permeability, grain density measurement and surface gamma-ray. The results show that the amount and type of alteration is vary by depth, age and lithofacies. Sandstones of sublitharenites and litharenites were buried to depths of 848.29 – 849.80 m and contained significant amounts of authigenic grain-coating and pore-lining clay as well as pore-filling zeolite cements. However, the underlying sandstones from 969.19 – 970.14 m depths exhibit less extensive alteration. In the early burial process, the reservoir quality is modified by the formation of secondary dissolution pores and minerals as a result of silicate dissolution during shallow burial diagenesis. The subsequent burial has reduced the pore spaces through mechanical compaction and cementtion. This study certainly valuable addition to our understanding about reservoir quality in correspond to the burial diagenesis.


Burial, Diagenesis, Reservoir quality, Sandstone and Zeolite cement

Full Text:


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 0| PDF views : 0


Ali, S.A., Sandstone Diagenesis Applications to Hydrocarbon Exploration and Production. Gulf Science & Technology Company, 1981, p.139-148.

Kazerouni, A.M., Fris, H., Svendsen, J.D., The Effects of Burial on Clay Mineral Diagenesis and Quartz Cementation in Mudstones, Examples from The Siri Canyon, Danish North Sea. Moscow, 2009.

Mathisen, M.E. 1984. Diagenesis of Plio-Pleistocene Nonmarine Sandstones, Cagayan Basin, Philippines: Early Development of Secondary Porosity in Volcanic Sandstones. AAPG Special Volumes, Volume M 37 : Clastic Diagenesis. pp.177–193.

Nabawy, B.S., Geraud, Y., Rochette, P., and Bur, N. 2009. Pore-throat Characterization In Highly Porous and Permeable Sandstones. AAPG Bulletin. V.93. no.6. pp.719-739.

Noh, J.H., Geochemistry and Paragenesis of Heulandite Cements In a Miocene Marine Fan-Delta System of The Pohang Basin, Republic of Korea, Clays and Clay Minerals, Vol.46, no. 2, 1998, pp. 204-214 in press.

Sapiie, B., Koesoemadinata, R.P., Widodo., Yoanita, N., Nicodemus R.R., Final Report Joint Study Hydrocarbon Prospect and Potential of Barito Basin, South Kalimantan, ALTAR-Sociadade de Investimento Imobiliaro, SA – Department of Geology Institut Teknologi Bandung – Directorate General of Oil and Gas (MIGAS), 2004, unpublished.

Satyana, A.H. & Idris, R..1996. Chronology and Intensity Of The Barito Uplifts, SE Kalimantan: A Geochemical constaints and Window Of Opportunity (poster). Proceedings of the Indonesian Petroleum Association. 25th international symposium on sequence stratigraphy in SE Asia proceeding, Indonesian Petroleum Association.

Satyana, A.H & Silitonga, P.D. 1994. Tectonic Reversal in East Barito Basin, South Kalimantan: Consideration Of The Types Of Inversion Structures and Petroleum System Significance. Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association. 23th Annual Convention.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Rosmalia Dita Nugraheni, Eko Widianto

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Journal of Earth Energy Science, Engineering, and Technology (JEESET) has been accredited by Ministry of Research and Technology of the Republic of Indonesia No. 85/M/KPT/2020, April 3 2020, as 4th Rank (SINTA 4). In addition, the journal has been listed in Index Copernicus International, Publons, Garuda, Crossref, ISJD, Base, PKP Index, Google Scholar, ResearchBib, ISSN, and Indonesia Onesearch. JEESET is an open access journal.  The papers of this journal are available in Archives Section and free of charge for everyone to publish, read, and download.

Copyright (c) 2019 Journal of Earth Energy Science, Engineering, and Technology

Journal of Earth Energy Science, Engineering, and Technology (JEESET) has been indexed and listed in:




    Creative Commons License.


Program Studi Magister Teknik Perminyakan (Master of Petroleum Engineering)

Fakultas Teknologi Kebumian dan Energi

Universitas Trisakti

Gedung A2 Lantai 2

Universitas Trisakti, Jalan Kyai Tapa No.1 Grogol, Jakarta Barat, 11440, Indonesia.


Phone: +62-21-56959213

Fax: +62-21-56959213