Main Article Content
Local knowledge could not be separated from the culture of the people who created it. The study of culture as knowledge derives from the ideas that are explored continuously and constantly applied through the attitudes, behaviors, and actions of the people in order to produce artifacts. Local knowledge of Javanese architecture represents a great philosophy. It comes from the Javanese way of life, the Javanese construction of the house and its surroundings, and the Javanese harmony and balance among the self, the nature, and the needs of God. A real mosque as a 'dwelling' requires comfortable conditions. The architecture of mosques is the result of constant dialogue between human being and the environment. The architecture should be in accordance with the needs of human being on the environment, including tranquility space while praying in the mosque. From local knowledge point of view, mosque is the most dignified building; it has its specific design. The proportion of shape, of roof, of columns, of floor, and of foyer exerts particular size in line with local knowledge in order to create quietness and audio comfort. Therefore, the mosque is highly expected to be a place for worship in a good acoustic quality as can be physically proved through the Grand Mosque of Yogyakarta. It has equipped with high-quality level of sound clarity, good clarity of speech, and appropriate level of reverberation which have met its standards procedure.
Keywords: acoustic quality; local knowledge; mosque
Josef Prijotomo, M. R. (1995). Petungan, Sistem Ukuran dalam Arsitektur Jawa. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Kayili, M. (2005). Acoustic Solutions in Classic Ottoman Architecture. Manchester: Aasiya Alla FSTC Limited.
Kinsler, L. (2000). Fundamentals of Acoustics. USA: John Wiley & Sons Inc. Hamilton Press.
Long, M. (2006). Architectural Acoustics. Burlington; California; London: Elsevier Academic Press.
Mediastika, C. E. (2005). Akustika Bangunan, Prinsip-prinsip dan Penerapannya di Indonesia. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Mullan, R. M. (1992). Environmental Science in Building. London: Macmillan.
Ronald, A. (2005). Nilai-nilai Arsitektur Rumah Tradisional Jawa. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.
Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R & D. Bandung: Alfabeta.