PRIVATE ROOM AND PUBLIC SPACE CONFIGURATION THAT STRENGTHEN SENSE OF COMMUNITY IN SUPPORTING THE RESILIANCE OF ENCLAVE SETTLEMENT IN TANGERANG Case Study: RW 01 Curug Sangereng Village, Tangerang.

Main Article Content

Mohammad Ischak
Bambang Setioko
Dedes Nurgandarum

Abstract

Enclave settlement is one of the phenomena that arise as a result of a control of the territory by large developers to provide planned settlements, as happened at Gading Serpong Tangerang Regional Development. Limited access and segregation that occurred for more than twenty years has proved the survival of enclave settlement. One is likely to be a survival factor of residential enclave is the social bond that occurs among the residents. The social ties can be traced from the existence of social spaces that are always used by the dwellers in their dwelling activities. The method used in this research is explorative descriptive. The data on residential zoning spaces are analyzed and linked with the activity of the occupants as well as with the group of residents in social activities. The study was confined to the dwelling houses along the village road in the village of Curug Sangereng RW 01 Kelapa Dua subdistrict of Tangerang regency. The focus of research aimed at structuring the patio and courtyard areas at the front of the residence adjacent to themain road in the village which is used as the study site. The purpose of this study first is to identify whether there is a particular pattern in terms of the zoning arrangement of space at the front of the residence adjacent to the main road. The second objective is to find a correlation between residential spaces in this porch and yard arrangement made by the occupants and social ties among the enclave dwellers. The results show that the current occupants organize the spaces at the front of their houses with the possibility of integration between private space with public space that allows direct communication with neighbors and ensures social interactions not only in public spaces, but rather also in the private spaces. This result proves that the social bonds that grow in the community are very high so as to support the survival of the enclave settlement.

Keywords: settlement enclave, social space, endurance, public space, private space

Dimensions

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics

Article Details

Section
Articles
Author Biographies

Mohammad Ischak, Department of Architecture, University of Trisakti, Jakarta Department of Architecture, University of Diponegoro, Semarang

Lecturer and Student

Bambang Setioko, Department of Architecture, University of Diponegoro, Semarang

Professor

References

Amos Rapoport, (1977), Human Aspects of Urban Form Towards a Man—Environment Approach to Urban Form and Design, P E R G A M O N PRESS.

Dewi Julia, Rumiati Rosaline Tobing Dr.Ing Uras Siahaan, (2014), Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian pada Masyarakat Universitas Parahyangan, Laporan Penelitian Doktoral, Karakteristik Fisik Koridor Komersial Antar Kota Baru Dalam Kaitannya dengan Penataan Periferi Kawasan Terstruktur dan Regulasi, Kasus Studi: Koridor Serpong Tangerang Selatan.

Ionel Muntele, Alexandru Bănică, (2013), “Romanian Functional Urban Areas: Between Polarization and Spatial Relisience”, proceeding, 4th Global Forum on Urban Resilience & Adaptation, Bonn, Germany 31 May – 2 June 2013.

Ischak, Mohammad, (2016) ―Karakteristik Ruang Sosial di Permukiman Enclave di Tangerang‖, Proceeding Seminar Nasional Sustainabile in Architecture and Urbanism, Pendidikan Doktoral Teknik Arsitektur dan Perkotaan Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Julienne Hanson and Bill Hillier, (1987). ―The Architecture of Community: Some New Proposals on the Sosial consequences of Architectural and Planning Decisions‖ Arch. 8 Confort /Arch.Behav., Vol. 3, n. 3, p. 251 -273

Marleen Schouten, Martijn Van Deer Heide, Wim Heijman, (2009) “ Resilience of Sosial-Ecological System in European Rural Areas : Theory and Prospects” Paper prepared for presentation at the 113 th, EAAE Seminar, ―The Role of Knowledge, Innovation and Human Capital in Multifunctional Agriculture and Territorial Rural Development‖, Belgrade, Republic of Serbia December 9-11,.

Mathew Nihil, (2016), “ Gated Setttlement in a Pheriperical Town of India, a Case Studi of Calicut”, thesis of Master of Arts, Central European University, Departement of Sociology and Sosial Anthropology, Budapest.

Ricci Liana, (2016), “ Reinterpreting Sub-Saharan Cities through the Concept of Adaptive Capacity, An Analysis of Autonomous Adaptation in Response to Environmental Changes in Peri-Urban Areas”, jurnal, SpringerBriefs in Environment, Security, Development and Peace Volume 26.

Tjahjati,S.S. Budhy , dkk, (2005), ―Bunga Rampai Pembangunan Kota Indonesia dalam Abad 21, Konsep dan Pendekatan Pembangunan Perkotaan di Indonesia‖, Lembaga Penerbit Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta.

Soetomo Sugiono,(2009), ―Urbanisasi dan Morfologi, Proses Perkembangan Peradaban & Wadah Ruangnya: Menuju Ruang Kehidupan yang Manusiawi‖, Graha Ilmu , Yogyakarta.

T.A. Pickett, M.L. Cadenasso, J.M. Groveb, (2004) ―Resilient cities: meaning, models, and metaphor for integrating the ecological, socio-economic, and planning realms”, Landscape and Urban Planning 69 369– 384.

Wulangsari, Amalia, (2014), ―Tipologi Segregasi Permukiman berdasarkan Faktor dan Pola Permukiman di Solo Baru, Sukoharjo‖, Jurnal Pembangunan Kota, Volume10 (4):387-399, Desember 2014, Biro Penerbit Planologi Undip, Semarang