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The culture of communities settlement coupled with socio-cultural background, produces the built environment as a form of local wisdom in managing and utilizing the natural environment. It occurs in almost all tradisional settlements of Indonesian society, one of which is traditional settlement of Ke‘te Kesu‘ in Tana Toraja, South Sulawesi. Toraja traditional houses and settlements, as many traditional houses in Indonesia, are not only functioned s a residence but also functioned as various others, including social and spiritual functions. In the construction of Toraja traditional architecture, the natural condition of the environment is significantly considered in compliance with the rules and beliefs of the community. This reflects that traditional Toraja society is very attentive to local wisdom especially in developing its neighborhood. Changes in space function that are occurred at Toraja traditional settlement nowadays are the consequence of the needs of life and modernization. However, the condition of Toraja traditional settlements which nevertheless maintains its authenticity, represents the willingness of indigenous Toraja traditional society to preserve its local wisdom to defend the existence of traditional settlement that becomes Torajanese pride in particular and Indonesian in general. Changes in the space function and on the neighborhood do not produce a shift in the community cultural values within tradisional settlements of Ke‘te Kesu‘, Tana Toraja, in South Sulawesi.
Keywords : Settlement, Traditional, Toraja, Function, Space
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