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Etty R Kridarso


House is a basic human need besides food and clothing. The main function of the house is as a place for shelter and as a place for developing the personality of its occupants. Meeting the needs of human desires can be fulfilled through the activity/work that earns money. The activities can be done by using the spaces at home. The house which has a mixed-function (habitable place and work) is referred to as a productive house. The focus of productive houses is directed to batik products, hereinafter referred to as a batik productive house. Pekalongan, a town on the northern coast of Java Island is famous for its batik products, as one of Indonesia's cultural heritage which is internationally recognized. As a coastal city, in the past centuries, Pekalongan played the role as a stopover for foreign traders, making the residents comprised of several ethnic groups, namely Javanese descents, Arabic descent and Chinese descent. Batik productive houses owned by the descendants of ethnic Chinese became the focus of this observation, because the Chinese descendants undertake batik product development in Pekalongan. This study is qualitative in nature. Data obtained through the study of literature as well as visual observation and recording. The result is in the model form of productive house, that can be used as a reference to the observations in similar conditions elsewhere and as an contribution into the development of environments with similar characteristics.

Keywords: productive house, ethnic Chinese, Pekalongan



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Author Biography

Etty R Kridarso, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Civil Engineering and Planning, Universitas Trisakti, Jakarta



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