Main Article Content

Parmonangan Manurung


Indonesia has hundreds of tribes with different social and cultural backgrounds. Traditional architecture of each ethnic group is the result of an understanding of the context as wisdom in terms of dialogue with the nature and the environment. The presence of traditional architecture is a work of the search process and an appreciation of nature and culture as its context. The understanding of the context produced the right design and addressed the needs of engineering, social, and cultural of traditional architecture in Indonesia. The application of local knowledge in most traditional architecture in Indonesia differs from most modern buildings, which is more building shape oriented. Shapes, structural systems, and material possesses, are the answer to the existing local conditions, as well as the response to the attitude of the context. This paper is a result of observation in some traditional architecture in Indonesia and theoretical study of the traditional and the modern buildings that implement local understanding. The discussion is in the form of analyzing field data and theories of traditional buildings and modern buildings. The conclusion reveals that the application of local knowledge in architecture can address the needs of the building, both the needs of the shape, structure, function and comfort of the building.

Keywords: Local knowledge; traditional architecture; context; need. 



Download data is not yet available.

Plum Analytics

Article Details



Frick, Heinz, (1997). Pola Struktural dan Teknik Bangunan di Indonesia. Yogyakarta. Penerbit Kanisius.

Gordon, G. (2014). Interior Lighting Design for Designer. Fifth Edition. New Jersey. John Wiler & Sons, Inc.

Lang. J. (1987). Creating Architectural Theory, New York. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.

Insall, D. (2008), Living Building, Architectural Conservation: Philosophy, Principles and Practice. Victoria. The Images Publishing Group Pty,.

Koentjoroningrat. (1974). Kebudayaan Mentalieit dan Pembangunan. Yogyakarta. Gramedia.

Livingston, J. (2014). Designing with light: The art, science, and practice of architectural lighting design. New Jersey. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Mangunwijaya, Y.B. (1992). Wastu Citra. Jakarta. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Manurung, P. (2011). Belajar Kearifan Arsitektur Nusantara Melalui Service-Learning, Prosiding Seminar Nasional RAPI ke 10 Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, 13 Desember 2011.

Manurung, P. (2011). The Astuteness of Toraja’s Traditional Architecture, Indonesia Design Magazine, Vol.8. No.45. Jul-Aug 2011,hlm. 100-103.

Manurung, P. (2012). Omo Hada: A Picture of Beauty, Indonesia Design Magazine, Vol.9. No.48. Jan-Feb 2012,hlm. 88-92.

Manurung, P. (2012). Pencahayaan Alami dalam Arsitektur, Penerbit Andi, Yogyakarta.

Manurung, P. (2012). “Arsitektur Berempati yang Terpinggirkan; Studi Kasus: Omo Hada, Nias; Rumah Tongkonan, Toraja; Biara Chi Lin, Hong Kong”, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Dies 45 Jurusan Arsitektur

Universitas Kristen Petra, Menuju Arsitektur Berempati”, Universitas Kristen Petra, 4-5 Mei 2012.

Mofiett, M.; Fazio, M.; Wodehouse, L. (2003). World History of Architecture. London. Laurence King Publishing, Ltd.