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Author Guidelines

Authors should prepare their manuscripts according to the guidelines provided in this section. Manuscripts that are not prepared according to these guidelines may be returned for revision prior to any editorial consideration.

Typing

Manuscripts should be typed single-spaced, font size 12 times new roman. The type of paper should be clear and readable. Use wide margins of at least 1 inch (2.54 cm) at the top, bottom, right, and left of every page.

 

 

Title Page

 

Each copy of a manuscript must include a separate title page, which should be the first page of the manuscript. The title page should contain the following information:

(i)   Title of the paper which must be provided in English.

(ii)  The authors’ name, affiliation, address, phone number, fax number, and E-mail address. Denote also the corresponding author.

(iii)   Any author notes (e.g., acknowledgments, disclaimers, special agreements concerning authorship, special circumstances regarding the study) should also be typed on the title page. The title page will be removed before the manuscript is sent out for review.

 

Abstract, Keyword and JEL Classification

  1. All manuscripts must include an abstract  250 - 300 words.
  2. Type the two versions of the abstract together on a new page (i.e., the page after the title page).
  3. The abstract should stand alone, no citation and concisely inform regarding purpose, methods, finding and contributions of the research.
  4. All manuscripts must provide up to 6 keywords below the abstract
  5. Authors should add JEL (Journal of Economic Literature) classification number which describes the area of study. JEL classification which is provided by the American Economic Association (AEA) can be accessed  https://www.aeaweb.org/jel/guide/jel.php

 

Introduction

The introduction should contain the following information:

  1. Why are you conducting the study
    1. Details about the paper purposes, motivation, research method, and finding
    2. The introduction should be relative nontechnical, yet clear enough for an informed reader to understand the manuscript contribution

Literature Review

 

Each manuscript should explain about the literature that used to write the paper. The literature section should contain:

  1. Theoretical core or grand theory of the article as a background of the paper
  2. Explanation of why the author uses the theories
  3. Summarize relevant previous research and critically evaluates, re-organizes also synthesizes the work of others.
  4. Hypothesis building

 

Methods

 

Methods section describes the steps followed in the conducting of the study and justification for the chosen research methods. It’s typically containing the following information:

  1. Types of variables and its’ measurement
  2. Population and sampling  (description of the target population, research context, and units of analysis, sampling techniques, unit analysis)
  3. Data analysis techniques

 

Results

This section typically containing the following information:

  1. Summarizes the data collected for study in the form of descriptive statistic
  2. The result of relevant inferential statistically analysis (the result of hypotheses test)
  3. Compare and analysis of the paper’s finding with the relevant previous studies
  4. Present the finding as concisely as possible but still provide enough detail to properly justify the conclusion, so the readers will able to understand exactly what the author(s) did in term of data analysis and why.
  5. Author(s) should assume that the readers have basic statistical knowledge, therefore not necessary to discuss basic statistical procedures in detail. 

 

Discussion

 

Author(s) has the right to write the discussion with their own style, but this section should contain:

  1. Restatement of the study’s main purpose
  2. Reaffirmation the importance of the study by restating its main contribution
  3. Finding of hypotheses testing and relate back to the literature also previous studies
  4. The possible explanation for unexpected or non-significant findings
  5. The managerial implication of the study
  6. The main limitation of the study that could influence is internal and external validity
  7. Future research

 

Conclusion

 

In this section, the author(s) present:

  1. The brief conclusion from the result of the study with suggestions for advanced researchers or general readers.
  2. Review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion.
  3. Limitation of the study, critical judgment and the impact of the limitation.

Illustrations and Tables

  1. Illustrations and tables should supplement the text and not duplicate it. Because they are more expensive to prepare for publication than text, use them judiciously. All charts, graphs, drawings, and other illustrations should be referred to as figures. Figures should be numbered and titled following the format for tables (described below). However, the title for the tables should be placed on top of the tables while for figures, the title should be placed below. Authors should be prepared to supply final camera-ready prints for all figures at the time the manuscript is accepted for publication.

 

  1. Begin each table on a separate page and number tables consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. Each table should have a title (in uppercase and lowercase letters), centered at the top of the table, that is preceded by the word TABLE and its number (use Arabic numerals). Example:

 TABLE 5. Descriptive statistics

  1. Notes to a table should be placed below the table. General notes that explain the table as a whole should be designated by the word Note followed by a colon. Specific notes that refer to a particular column, row, or individual entry are indicated by superscript lowercase letters. Probability notes indicate level of statistical significance and can be designated by asterisks and daggers (e.g., *< .05, **< .01, †< .10). Begin each type of note (general note, specific note, and probability note, in that order) on a new line, flush left.

 

  1. In the text, refer to every table and figure by their numbers (e.g., “see Table 5”) and discuss only their highlights. Never write “the table below” or “the figure on page 6” because the position and page number of tables and figures cannot be determined until the typesetter makes the pages.

 Footnotes/Endnotes

Footnotes are not recommended. Endnotes should be used only if absolutely necessary and must be numbered consecutively throughout the manuscript with superscript Arabic numerals. On a separate page, type the text for endnotes in the order in which they are mentioned in the text.

Appendixes

  1. Lengthy but essential information (e.g., sample questionnaire, technical notes on method, a large table) should be presented in an appendix.
  2. Begin an appendix on a separate page, and type the word APPENDIX centered at the top of the page. If they are multiple appendixes, label each one alphabetically: APPENDIX A, APPENDIX B, etc. In the text, refer to appendixes by their labels (e.g., “see Appendix A for questionnaire items”). Provide each appendix with a title.

 Reference Citations

  1. All citation should be in accordance with APA.
  2.  All citation in the text must appear in the reference list, and all entries in the reference list must be cited in the text.
  3. Cite references in text using the last author name-date method [e.g., Kromkowski (1999)].
  4. If a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the work is referred to in the text.
  5. If a work has three, cite all authors the first time the reference occurs; in subsequent citations, include only the name of the first author followed by “et al.” and the year.
  6. For works with four or more authors, use only the name of the first author followed by “et al.” and the year whenever the work is cited (in the reference list, however, all names must be given).
  7. Page numbers should be provided when specific arguments or findings of authors are paraphrased, summarized, or directly quoted. Examples:

Citation in text

  1. First citation in text, examples:

Low and Yong (2011) argued that . . . . . . . .

Leuz, Nanda and Wysocki (2003) found . . . . . . . .

Mat Leuz et al. (2003) found . . . . . . . .

 

  1. The citation is the part of the sentence, example:

In recent studies of fraud detection (Budiyanti et.al 2017, Chauhan, 2018) it has been ……….

  1. Parenthetical citations of two or more works, use alphabetical ordering and ampersands (&). Separate each cited work by semicolons except for multiple works by the same authors which must be separated by commas. Example:

Several researchers (e.g., Bushee 2001; Darrough & Rangan 2004, 2010; Norman & Kamran 2005; Shen & Chih 2005; Woidtke 2002) supported this argument.

 Reference List

  1. A Roman alphabetically-ordered reference list should be included at the end of the manuscript.
  2. All references cited in the text must appear in the reference list. Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of all information in a reference.
  3. All citation (regardless of race) must follow the format:

Author's Last Name, First Initial. Middle Initial. Year. Title. Place of Publication: Publisher format.

  1. Several references by the same author(s) should be ordered chronologically (earliest date first). Multiple references to works by an identical author(s) with the same publication date should be arranged alphabetically by the title that follows the date (excluding A or The) and differentiated by adding lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.) immediately after the year. For periodicals, include an issue number only if the pages of the periodical are not numbered consecutively throughout the volume (i.e., if each issue begins with page 1).
  2. Begin the reference list on a new page and type the word REFERENCES centered at the top of the page. Type each entry using a hanging-indent format and follow the reference style of the examples below.

 

Specimens format for citing different types of references

  1. 1.       Books and book chapters

Black, F., Jensen, M.C. & Scholes, M. (2002). The capital asset pricing model: Some empirical tests. In Studies in the Theory of Capital Markets, edited by M.C. Jensen & R.A. Rozeff, 201-239. New York: Praeger.

Brigham, E.F., Gapenski, L. & Ehrhardt, M.C. (2010). Financial Management: Theory and practice. 13th edition. Fort Worth: The Dryden Press.

Maddala, G.S. 2001. Introduction to Econometrics. 3rd edition. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

  1. 2.       Journal Article

Krishnan, G. V., & Parsons, L. (2008). Getting to the bottom line: an exploration of gender and earnings quality. Journal of Business Ethics, 65-76.

Jensen, M. C., & Meckling, W. H. (1976). Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior. Journal of Financial Economics, Vol. 3, No. 4, 305-360.

  1. 3.       Proceedings, presented papers, and dissertations

Locke, E.A., Durham, C.C. & Poon, J.M.L. 1995. Knowledge seeking as a group strategy to attain goals. In New developments in group dynamics and group effectiveness, E. A. Locke (Chair). Symposium conducted at the annual meeting of the Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 18-20 May, Orlando, USA.

Poon, J.M.L., Stevens, C.K. & Gannon, M.J. 1996. Effects of learning style and training method on reactions to cross-cultural training. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Management, 12-15 August, Cincinnati, USA.

Wang, Bo, 2016, Sustainable organization capabilities in supply chain management, thesis, Department of Information and Service Economy, Aalto University Helsinki, Finland.

  1. 4.       Electronic reference

Author, I (2018), Technology and immediacy of information [Online] Available at  http://www.bnet.act.com

 

  1. 5.       Newspaper article, no author

Generasi Milenial Inginkan Kecepatan dan Keamanan di 5G (2017, December 19), Tribun, p.2

 

  1. 6.       Order of the Manuscript Pages

Arrange the pages of the manuscript as follows: Title page, abstract, keywords, text (including tables and figures), endnotes, an acknowledgment (if any), references, appendixes.

 

Author(s) Biography

Author(s) may include short biographies and photographs at the end of the paper. Photographs, if provided, should be cropped into 26mm in width and 32mm in height. The biography may contain:

  1. Author’s educational background
  2. Work experiences
  3. Previous publication (try not to list more than three books or published articles)
  4. Memberships in professional societies
  5. Any awards and work for professional committees and publication

                                                                                        

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. The number of pages are 15-25.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
 

Copyright Notice

  1.  It is the author’s responsibility to ensure that his or her submitted works do not infringe any existing copyright. Furthermore, the author indemnifies the editors and publisher against any breach of such a warranty.
  2. Authors should obtain letters of permission to reproduce or adapt copyrighted material and enclose copies of these letters with the final version of the accepted manuscript.
  3. It is also the author’s responsibility to protect the anonymity and confidentiality of the respondents or to obtain letters of permission from the respondents if such anonymity and confidentiality are to be compromised

 

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