KARAKTERISTIK KAWASAN PECINAN PANTAI UTARA PULAU JAWA (Studi Kasus : Kawasan Pecinan Lasem, Jawa Tengah)

Julindiani Iskandar, Mohammad Ali Topan

Abstract


ABSTRAK

 

Kawasan Pecinan hadir di banyak kota di pulau Jawa terutama didaerah sepanjang pantai Utara. Seiring berjalannya waktu kawasan-kawasan ini sudah mulai menghilang, tetapi ‘bekas’ kehadirannya masih terasa kental sekali. Suasana yang khas, diperkuat dengan adanya klenteng sebagai pusat kegiatan keagamaan dan sosial menjadi simbol akan eksistensi kawasan pecinan.

Kawasan Pecinan Lasem merupakan suatu kawasan hunian sekaligus tempat kegiatan sosial untuk mendukung kehidupan penghuninya memiliki karakteristik arsitektur berbeda dengan kawasan lainnya di kota Lasem. Kawasan pecinan di Lasem saat ini berkembang menjadi pusat perdagangan dan industri batik. Permasalahan yang terjadi di kawasan Pecinan Lasem saat ini adalah mulai pudarnya bangunan-bangunan bergaya Cina yang ada karena ditinggalkan penghuninya, atau telah beralih menjadi fungsi baru. Untuk mengetahui karakteristik Pecinan Lasem saat ini dilakukan dengan cara mengidentifikasi elemen-elemen fisik pembentuk kota dengan menggunakan teori dari Hamid Shirvani, yang terdiri dari :

1. Guna lahan (land use)

2. Bentuk dan massa bangunan (building form & massing)

3. Sirkulasi dan perparkiran (circulation & parking)

4. Ruang terbuka (open space)

5. Pedestrian (pedestrian ways)

6. Fasilitas pendukung aktifitas (activity support)

7. Penanda (signage

8. Preservasi (preservation)

Secara keseluruhan kawasan pecinan Lasem, dilihat dari 8 elemen pembentuk kota tersebut di atas, unsur budaya cina masih terlihat  cukup kental pada bangunan-bangunan yang tersisa di kawasan pecinan Lasem ini.

 

Kata kunci: Pecinan, Karakter, Elemen fisik, Lasem

 

 

ABSTRACT

Chinatown region is present in many cities on the island of Java, especially in areas along the North coast. As time passes these areas have started to disappear, but the 'former' presence still feels very strong. Typical atmosphere, reinforced by the pagoda as the center of religious and social activities become a symbol of the existence of Chinatown. Lasem Pecinan Region is a residential area as well as a place of social activities to support the life of its inhabitants have different architectural characteristics with other areas in the city of Lasem. Chinatown area in Lasem is currently developing into a center of trade and batik industry. The problems that occur in the Lasem Chinatown area today are beginning to fade Chinese-style buildings that existed due to the abandonment of its inhabitants, or have turned into a new function. To know the current characteristics of Lasem Chinatown is done by identifying the physical elements of city-building by using the theory of Hamid Shirvani, which consists of:

1. Land use2. Building form & massing3. Circulation & parking 4. Open space )5. Pedestrian ways 6. Activity support7. Signage8. Preservation Overall Lasem Chinatown area, seen from the 8 elements forming the city mentioned above, the Chinese cultural element still looks pretty thick on the remaining buildings in this Lasem Chinatown area.

 

Keywords: Chinatown, character, physical elements, Lasem

 


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25105/agora.v16i1.3208

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.